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Home History General The Buddha's Life - Page 4

The Buddha's Life - Page 4

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Article Index
The Buddha's Life
Noble and Ignoble Quests
Renunciation of Worldly Life
Meeting Alara, the Great Ascetic
Meeting the Sage Udaka
Practising Extreme Austerities
Mara's Persuasion
Right Reasoning
The Enlightenment
Giving First Sermon
Meeting with Upaka
Group of Five Monks
All Pages

Meeting Alara, the Great Ascetic

MAKING HIS WAY TO ALARA, THE GREAT ASCETIC

At that time the Bodhisatta was not yet in possession of practical knowledge of leading a holy life so he made his way to the then famous ascetic Alara who was no ordinary person. Of the eight stages of mundane jhanic attainments, Alara personally mastered seven stages up to the jhana consciousness dwelling on Nothingness (akincannayatana jhana) and was imparting this knowledge to his pupils.

Before the appearance of the Buddha, such teachers who had achieved jhanic attainments served as trustworthy masters giving practical instructions on methods of attainments. Alara was famous like a Buddha in those times. The Theravada literature was silent about him. However, in Lalitavistra , a biographical text of the northern School of Buddhism, it was recorded that the great teacher had lived in the state of Vesali and that he had three hundred pupils learning his doctrine.

TAKING INSTRUCTIONS FROM THE HOLY SAGE, ALARA

How the Bodhisatta took instructions from the holy sage Alara was described thus:

"Having gone forth and become a recluse in pursuit of what is holy and good, seeking the supreme, incomparable Peace of nibbāna , I drew to where Alara Kalama was and addressed him thus: 'Friend Kalama, I desire to lead the holy life under your doctrine and discipline.' When I had thus addressed him, Alara replied, 'The Venerable friend Gotama is welcome to remain in this teaching. Of such a nature is this dhamma that in a short time an intelligent man can realize for himself and abide in possession of what his teacher has realized as his own.'"

After these words of encouragement, Alara gave him practical instructions on the doctrine.

REASSURING WORDS

Alara's statement that his dhamma, if practised as taught, could be realized soon by oneself as one's own was very reassuring and inspired confidence. A pragmatic doctrine is trustworthy and convincing only if it could be realized by oneself and in a short time. The sooner the realization is possible, the more heartening it will be. The Bodhisatta was thus satisfied with Alara's words and this thought arose in him:

"It is not by mere faith that Alara announces that he has learned the dhamma. Alara has surely realized the dhamma himself, he knows and understands it."

That was very true. Alara did not cite any texts as authority. He did not say that he had heard it from others. He clearly stated that what he knew personally he had realized it himself. A meditation teacher must be able to declare his conviction boldly like him. Without having practised the dhamma personally, without having experienced and realized it in a personal way, to claim to be a teacher in meditation, to preach and write books about it after just learning from the texts on meditation methods is most incongruous and improper. It is like a physician prescribing medicine not yet clinically tested and tried by him, and which he dared not administer on himself. Such preachments and publications are surely undependable and uninspiring.

But Alara taught boldly what he had realized himself. The Bodhisatta was fully impressed by him and this thought arose in him:

"Not only Alara has faith, I also have faith. Not only Alara has energy, mindfulness, concentration, wisdom, I also have them."

Then he strove for the realization of that dhamma which Alara declared that he himself had learned and realized. In no time, the Bodhisatta learned the dhamma which led him as far as the jhanic realm of Nothingness.

He then approached where Alara Kalama was and enquired of him whether the realm of Nothingness, which the latter had claimed to have realized it himself and lived in possession of, was the same stage as what the Bodhisatta had now reached. Alara replied,

"This is as far as the dhamma leads, of which I have declared that I have realized and abide in its possession, the same stage as friend Gotama has reached."

Then he utter these words of praise,

"Friend Gotama is a supremely distinguished person. The realm of Nothingness is not easily attainable yet Friend Gotama has realized it in no time. It is truly wonderful. Fortunate are we that we should light upon such a distinguished ascetic companion as your Reverence. As I have realized the dhamma, so have you realized it, too. As you have learnt it, so have I learnt to the same extent as you. Friend Gotama is my equal in dhamma. We have a large community here. Come, friend, together let us direct this company of disciples."

Thus Alara, the teacher, set up the Bodhisatta, his pupil, as completely equal to himself and honoured him by delegating to him the task of guiding one hundred and fifty pupils, which number was exactly half of all the disciples Alara had.

But the Bodhisatta stayed at the centre only for a short time. While staying there this thought came to him:

"This doctrine does not lead to aversion, to abatement and cessation of passion, to quiescence for higher knowledge and full enlightenment nor to nibbāna , the end of sufferings, but only as far as the attainment to the realm of Nothingness. Once there, a long life of 60,000 world cycles follows, and after expiring from there, one reappears in the Kamma existences and goes through the sufferings again. It is not the doctrine of the undying that I am looking for."

Thus becoming indifferent to the practice which led only to the jhanic realm of Nothingness, the Bodhisatta abandoned it and departed from Alara's meditation centre.



 

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" "All phenomena (dhammas) are without Self"; when one sees this with Insight-wisdom, one becomes weary of dukkha (i.e., the khandhas). This is the Path to Purity. "

The Dhammapada


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